websiteI am an historian of modern China’s relationship with foreign empires in the treaty port century (1842-1949).  My research interests include the role of international law in China in this period and transnational understandings of the Qing Empire.

I am currently a postdoctoral research fellow at the London School of Economics.  My current research explores the enhanced Qing colonial project on Taiwan between 1874-95, when Qing officials used European technologies and methodologies to strengthen their control over the island’s mountainous interior and its indigenous population.  The research forms part of the pan-European East Asian Uses of the European Past collaborative research project (

Prior to joining LSE I was a teaching and research fellow at NYU Shanghai. I hold a PhD from the University of Bristol and an MA in World History from Birkbeck College, University of London.

I am a member of the British Association of Chinese Studies, the American Historical Association and the Association of Asian Studies.